dor_id: 4119278

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856.4.0.u: http://www.investigacionesgeograficas.unam.mx/index.php/rig/article/view/60045/53497

100.1.#.a: Rosas Gutiérrez, Jorge; Chías Becerril, Luis

524.#.#.a: Rosas Gutiérrez, Jorge, et al. (2020). The BRT new paradigm of global urban mobility?. Investigaciones Geográficas; Núm. 103, 2020. Recuperado de https://repositorio.unam.mx/contenidos/4119278

245.1.0.a: The BRT new paradigm of global urban mobility?

502.#.#.c: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

561.1.#.a: Instituto de Geografía, UNAM

264.#.0.c: 2020

264.#.1.c: 2020-08-14

506.1.#.a: La titularidad de los derechos patrimoniales de esta obra pertenece a las instituciones editoras. Su uso se rige por una licencia Creative Commons BY-NC 4.0 Internacional, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/legalcode.es, fecha de asignación de la licencia 2020-08-14, para un uso diferente consultar al responsable jurídico del repositorio por medio del correo electrónico dianachg@igg.unam.mx

884.#.#.k: http://www.investigacionesgeograficas.unam.mx/index.php/rig/article/view/60045

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041.#.7.h: spa

520.3.#.a: This study addresses two research questions. Does Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) constitute a new paradigm of urban mobility? Is it convenient to implement BRT approaches in any city regardless of its size and especially without considering the negative externalities that these approaches have upon urban functionality?Given the inability of quantitative and qualitative methods to separately explain transportation problems in large metropolitan areas, this research is carried out considering methodological triangulation, as a good alternative to visualize a problem from different angles, considering that if two strategies provide very similar results, then it is viable to corroborate their findings, but if the opposite happens, their results could be discarded. In addition, the present research is developed from an urban geography approach, evaluating the implementation and functionality of BRTs on a global scale, according to different regions and cities necessities.The systems of BRT were born in Curitiba Brazil back in 1974, combining the bus-ways of Chicago with Metro stations, nevertheless, at the moment, there are few investigations that question the paradigm shift from urban trains to BRT buses. The truth is that BRTs have spread rapidly in much of the world, under the impulse and interests of several Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs), civil associations, or private companies that encourage the governments of low and middle-income countries to implement them, based on short-term costs without considering the long-term consequences of their operation on metropolitan transport systems.Historical evidence indicates that in large cities within the developed regions of the world (such as Western Europe and East Asia), the solution to the problems of transport and universal mobility is based on the combination of non-motorized travels and multi-modal mass transport that circulates through rail networks which are independent of urban roads.On the other hand, in megacities of more than 10 million inhabitants, in developing countries such as Mexico, BRTs approaches have been promoted with little success, as a uni-modal solution, which is not considered as an important factor of an inter-modal transport system built to discourage excessive use of auto-mobiles and low-capacity public transport; to improve metropolitan accessibility; to reduce the use of fossil fuels; to reduce the phenomena of congestion, pollution, road insecurity and the deterioration of urban heritage.Undoubtedly, BRTs work ideally as a semi-massive mode of transport for medium-sized cities. However, it is a mistake to want to introduce them as uni-modal solutions for roads with elevated passenger demand in highly populated cities like Mexico. The change of paradigm from urban trains to BRTs in Mexico and Latin America in general, must be carefully analysed before its implementation. The results offered by trying to replace multi-modal mass transport networks with uni-modal networks of limited capacity, in the most populated metropolitan areas of the world, have not generated the expected benefits in terms of urban mobility. Several Latin American cities have applied BRTs approaches, but they still provide evidence of very high levels of pollution, congestion and extensive consumption of public space for transportation purposes. They even register severe threats of collapse, not only in their own networks, but also in metropolitan roads.In general, it is recommended that BRTs must play the role of a supplier to high capacity multi-modal transportation networks, such as the Metro, Trams, Light Trains and Suburban Trains, because the latter are the only modes of transport that have the capacity to satisfy most of the metropolitan trips and to offer unique economic, social and environmental benefits. The aforementioned benefits will continue to increase along with the size of the cities providing these means of transport.It is concluded that high capacity urban train networks can share the top of the new "mobility pyramid" along with pedestrians and cyclists, because these are the most efficient modes of transport in order to free urban roads from the auto-mobiles and the low capacity public transport. Finally it is worth mentioning that its implementation and functionality should be promoted so that to reduce congestion, the emission of pollutants and traffic accidents, without having to drastically reduce the number of trips. El objetivo principal del estudio es analizar el ascenso y la consolidación de un nuevo paradigma de movilidad urbana mundial. La investigación se desarrollará desde el enfoque de la geografía urbana, porque se realizará un análisis urbano espacial de los BRT (en inglés, Bus Rapit Transit) a nivel mundial, por región y ciudad. Hay una escasez de investigaciones de transporte que expliquen el cambio de paradigma de trenes urbanos por autobuses tipo BRT. Los resultados de los BRT no han sido tan exitosos como se dice, este tipo de autobuses se han extendido en gran parte del mundo, impulsados por diversas instituciones (ONG, AC y empresas privadas) que alientan a los gobiernos a implementarlos. Es evidente que muchas de las ciudades donde funcionan los BRT figuran como las más contaminadas, con graves problemas de congestionamiento y accidentes viales, e incluso con amenazas de colapso en las redes BRT. En el caso concreto de México se sugiere que los BRT no deben diseñarse de manera unimodal, ni proponerse como sustitutos del metro. Sin duda son un valioso componente del sistema de transporte de la Zona Metropolitana del Valle de México (ZMVM), pero difícilmente pueden ser el eje vertebral de todo el sistema.

773.1.#.t: Investigaciones Geográficas; Núm. 103 (2020)

773.1.#.o: http://www.investigacionesgeograficas.unam.mx/index.php/rig/index

046.#.#.j: 2021-10-20 00:00:00.000000

022.#.#.a: ISSN electrónico: 2448-7279; ISSN impreso: 0188-4611

310.#.#.a: Cuatrimestral

264.#.1.b: Instituto de Geografía, UNAM

758.#.#.1: http://www.investigacionesgeograficas.unam.mx/index.php/rig/index

doi: https://doi.org/10.14350/rig.60045

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245.1.0.b: Los brt ¿nuevo paradigma de la movilidad urbana mundial?

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Artículo

The BRT new paradigm of global urban mobility?

Rosas Gutiérrez, Jorge; Chías Becerril, Luis

Instituto de Geografía, UNAM, publicado en Investigaciones Geográficas, y cosechado de Revistas UNAM

Licencia de uso

Procedencia del contenido

Entidad o dependencia
Instituto de Geografía, UNAM
Revista
Repositorio
Contacto
Revistas UNAM. Dirección General de Publicaciones y Fomento Editorial, UNAM en revistas@unam.mx

Cita

Rosas Gutiérrez, Jorge, et al. (2020). The BRT new paradigm of global urban mobility?. Investigaciones Geográficas; Núm. 103, 2020. Recuperado de https://repositorio.unam.mx/contenidos/4119278

Descripción del recurso

Autor(es)
Rosas Gutiérrez, Jorge; Chías Becerril, Luis
Tipo
Artículo de Investigación
Área del conocimiento
Ciencias Sociales y Económicas
Título
The BRT new paradigm of global urban mobility?
Fecha
2020-08-14
Resumen
This study addresses two research questions. Does Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) constitute a new paradigm of urban mobility? Is it convenient to implement BRT approaches in any city regardless of its size and especially without considering the negative externalities that these approaches have upon urban functionality?Given the inability of quantitative and qualitative methods to separately explain transportation problems in large metropolitan areas, this research is carried out considering methodological triangulation, as a good alternative to visualize a problem from different angles, considering that if two strategies provide very similar results, then it is viable to corroborate their findings, but if the opposite happens, their results could be discarded. In addition, the present research is developed from an urban geography approach, evaluating the implementation and functionality of BRTs on a global scale, according to different regions and cities necessities.The systems of BRT were born in Curitiba Brazil back in 1974, combining the bus-ways of Chicago with Metro stations, nevertheless, at the moment, there are few investigations that question the paradigm shift from urban trains to BRT buses. The truth is that BRTs have spread rapidly in much of the world, under the impulse and interests of several Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs), civil associations, or private companies that encourage the governments of low and middle-income countries to implement them, based on short-term costs without considering the long-term consequences of their operation on metropolitan transport systems.Historical evidence indicates that in large cities within the developed regions of the world (such as Western Europe and East Asia), the solution to the problems of transport and universal mobility is based on the combination of non-motorized travels and multi-modal mass transport that circulates through rail networks which are independent of urban roads.On the other hand, in megacities of more than 10 million inhabitants, in developing countries such as Mexico, BRTs approaches have been promoted with little success, as a uni-modal solution, which is not considered as an important factor of an inter-modal transport system built to discourage excessive use of auto-mobiles and low-capacity public transport; to improve metropolitan accessibility; to reduce the use of fossil fuels; to reduce the phenomena of congestion, pollution, road insecurity and the deterioration of urban heritage.Undoubtedly, BRTs work ideally as a semi-massive mode of transport for medium-sized cities. However, it is a mistake to want to introduce them as uni-modal solutions for roads with elevated passenger demand in highly populated cities like Mexico. The change of paradigm from urban trains to BRTs in Mexico and Latin America in general, must be carefully analysed before its implementation. The results offered by trying to replace multi-modal mass transport networks with uni-modal networks of limited capacity, in the most populated metropolitan areas of the world, have not generated the expected benefits in terms of urban mobility. Several Latin American cities have applied BRTs approaches, but they still provide evidence of very high levels of pollution, congestion and extensive consumption of public space for transportation purposes. They even register severe threats of collapse, not only in their own networks, but also in metropolitan roads.In general, it is recommended that BRTs must play the role of a supplier to high capacity multi-modal transportation networks, such as the Metro, Trams, Light Trains and Suburban Trains, because the latter are the only modes of transport that have the capacity to satisfy most of the metropolitan trips and to offer unique economic, social and environmental benefits. The aforementioned benefits will continue to increase along with the size of the cities providing these means of transport.It is concluded that high capacity urban train networks can share the top of the new "mobility pyramid" along with pedestrians and cyclists, because these are the most efficient modes of transport in order to free urban roads from the auto-mobiles and the low capacity public transport. Finally it is worth mentioning that its implementation and functionality should be promoted so that to reduce congestion, the emission of pollutants and traffic accidents, without having to drastically reduce the number of trips. El objetivo principal del estudio es analizar el ascenso y la consolidación de un nuevo paradigma de movilidad urbana mundial. La investigación se desarrollará desde el enfoque de la geografía urbana, porque se realizará un análisis urbano espacial de los BRT (en inglés, Bus Rapit Transit) a nivel mundial, por región y ciudad. Hay una escasez de investigaciones de transporte que expliquen el cambio de paradigma de trenes urbanos por autobuses tipo BRT. Los resultados de los BRT no han sido tan exitosos como se dice, este tipo de autobuses se han extendido en gran parte del mundo, impulsados por diversas instituciones (ONG, AC y empresas privadas) que alientan a los gobiernos a implementarlos. Es evidente que muchas de las ciudades donde funcionan los BRT figuran como las más contaminadas, con graves problemas de congestionamiento y accidentes viales, e incluso con amenazas de colapso en las redes BRT. En el caso concreto de México se sugiere que los BRT no deben diseñarse de manera unimodal, ni proponerse como sustitutos del metro. Sin duda son un valioso componente del sistema de transporte de la Zona Metropolitana del Valle de México (ZMVM), pero difícilmente pueden ser el eje vertebral de todo el sistema.
Idioma
spa
ISSN
ISSN electrónico: 2448-7279; ISSN impreso: 0188-4611

Enlaces