Artículo

Prevalence and risk factors associated with serovars of Leptospira in dogs from Culiacan, Sinaloa

Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, UNAM, publicado en Veterinaria México OA, y cosechado de Revistas UNAM

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Procedencia del contenido

Entidad o dependencia
Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, UNAM
Revista
Repositorio
Contacto
Revistas UNAM. Dirección General de Publicaciones y Fomento Editorial, UNAM en revistas@unam.mx

Cita

Prevalence and risk factors associated with serovars of Leptospira in dogs from Culiacan, Sinaloa. (2017). Veterinaria México OA; Vol 4, No 2, 2017. Recuperado de https://repositorio.unam.mx/contenidos/60547

Descripción del recurso

Colaborador(es)
Castro Del Campo, Nohemí ; Hernández Ramírez, Carlos Víctor ; Gaxiola Camacho, Soila Maribel ; Osuna Ramirez, Ignacio ; López Moreno, Héctor Samuel ; Enríquez Verdugo, Idalia
Afiliación del colaborador
Facultad de Ciencias Químico Biológicas Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa; Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa, Servicios de Salud del estado de Sinaloa.; Unidad de Investigaciones en Salud Pública Facultad de Ciencias Químico Biológicas de la Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa; Laboratorio de Parasitólogia Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa.; Laboratorio de Parasitología Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa.
Tipo
Artículo de Investigación
Área del conocimiento
Biotecnología y Ciencias Agropecuarias
Título
Prevalence and risk factors associated with serovars of Leptospira in dogs from Culiacan, Sinaloa
Fecha
2017-04-06
Resumen
Veterinaria México OA ISSN: 2448-6760 Cite this as: • Hernández Ramírez CV, Gaxiola Camacho SM, Osuna Ramirez I, Enríquez Verdugo I, Castro del Campo N, López Moreno HS. Prevalence and risk factors associated with serovars of Leptospira in dogs from Culiacan, Sinaloa. Veterinaria México OA 2017;4(2).doi: 10.21753/vmoa.4.2.369 Domestic dogs transmit Leptospira spp. to humans, and determining the health risk that they represent is of paramount importance. To determine the seroprevalence and main risk factors associated with serovars of Leptospira in dogs from Culiacan, Sinaloa, we obtained serum samples from 165 dogs. The samples were stored at -40 °C and were analysed by the microbiology laboratory at Centro Nacional de Sanidad Animal using the leptospirosis microscopic agglutination test. Additionally, a survey was performed to identify epidemiological risk factors, and statistical inference was determined using chi-square test, odd ratios, and logistic regression with a statistical significance set at P < 0.05. The prevalence of Leptospira was 9 % (15/165), and we identified seven serovars: canicola 17 (46 %), icterohaemorrhagiae (40 %), bratislava (40 %), grippotyphosa (33 %), shermani (33 %), pyrogenes (20 %) and ballum (13 %). Based on our epidemiological survey, the risk factors associated with the detection of antibodies against Leptospira include the permanent habitation of pets in courtyards (OR = 4.6, P < 0.05) and presence of water stored in drums and basins (OR = 3.25, P < 0.05). The prevalence of leptospirosis in dogs indicates that the disease is present in the city of Culiacan and that leptospiral antibodies in dogs increase in poor sanitary conditions with stored water, which increases the potential risk of infection for both humans and animals. Figure 1. Frequency of observed serovars of Leptospira
Tema
Leptospirosis; Leptospira; Interrogans; dog; prevalence; risk factors
Idioma
eng
ISSN
2448-6760

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