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100.1.#.a: Martínez, Sergio F.; Suárez, Edna

524.#.#.a: Martínez, Sergio F., et al. (1996). La evolución de técnicas y fenómenos: hacia una explicación de la "confección" del mundo. Crítica. Revista Hispanoamericana de Filosofía; Vol 28 No 82, 1996; 25-66. Recuperado de https://repositorio.unam.mx/contenidos/4115766

245.1.0.a: La evolución de técnicas y fenómenos: hacia una explicación de la "confección" del mundo

502.#.#.c: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

561.1.#.a: Instituto de Investigaciones Filosóficas, UNAM

264.#.0.c: 1996

264.#.1.c: 2019-01-08

506.1.#.a: La titularidad de los derechos patrimoniales de esta obra pertenece a las instituciones editoras. Su uso se rige por una licencia Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 4.0 Internacional, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/legalcode.es, fecha de asignación de la licencia 2019-01-08, para un uso diferente consultar al responsable jurídico del repositorio por medio del correo electrónico alberto@filosoficas.unam.mx

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520.3.#.a: In recent articles some authors (e.g. Pickering 1989, Hacking 1992) have pointed out a process of gradual adjustment or tailoring between phenomena, models and experimental techniques. However, the whole idea of tailoring or adjusting has been dealt with as a mere metaphore. In this paper we present an evolutionary model of phenomena and techniques which explains this gradual adjustment or tailoring as an adaptative causal process, i.e. not as a mere metaphor. Our aim is accomplished in three steps. First, we arrive at the general conditions that changes in a population of entities with reproductive capabilities have to satisfy in order to be modelled as an evolutionary process, in a causal-explanatory sense. We show that a characterization of the class of experimental techniques (a class associated with an experimental tradition) meet these conditions, and we examine in detail how the nucleic acid hybridization techniques used in molecular biology can be modelled in the way we propose. A second step is to show that the sort of variability that metters in evolutionary models of techniques and phenomena is aggregative variability, i.e. the sort of variability that can be selected. This is an important point, since most evolutionary models of technical and scientific change in the literature fail to satisfy this requirement. A common objection to evolutionary models of scientific change is that fitness, the central notion of evolutionary models in population biology, has no counterpart in these models. We show that our model can provide a natural concept of fitness, a concept that has a similar role to play in our model as in biological models. Finally, as a third step, we conclude with an explanation of how the world can be said to be tailored. It is the result of an evolutionary process which incorporates inextricably related conceptual and material resources. In this sense, the world consists of phenomena that are made by us, but which are not mere inventions of our mind. In recent articles some authors (e.g. Pickering 1989, Hacking 1992) have pointed out a process of gradual adjustment or tailoring between phenomena, models and experimental techniques. However, the whole idea of tailoring or adjusting has been dealt with as a mere metaphore. In this paper we present an evolutionary model of phenomena and techniques which explains this gradual adjustment or tailoring as an adaptative causal process, i.e. not as a mere metaphor. Our aim is accomplished in three steps. First, we arrive at the general conditions that changes in a population of entities with reproductive capabilities have to satisfy in order to be modelled as an evolutionary process, in a causal-explanatory sense. We show that a characterization of the class of experimental techniques (a class associated with an experimental tradition) meet these conditions, and we examine in detail how the nucleic acid hybridization techniques used in molecular biology can be modelled in the way we propose. A second step is to show that the sort of variability that metters in evolutionary models of techniques and phenomena is aggregative variability, i.e. the sort of variability that can be selected. This is an important point, since most evolutionary models of technical and scientific change in the literature fail to satisfy this requirement. A common objection to evolutionary models of scientific change is that fitness, the central notion of evolutionary models in population biology, has no counterpart in these models. We show that our model can provide a natural concept of fitness, a concept that has a similar role to play in our model as in biological models. Finally, as a third step, we conclude with an explanation of how the world can be said to be tailored. It is the result of an evolutionary process which incorporates inextricably related conceptual and material resources. In this sense, the world consists of phenomena that are made by us, but which are not mere inventions of our mind.

773.1.#.t: Crítica. Revista Hispanoamericana de Filosofía; Vol 28 No 82 (1996); 25-66

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245.1.0.b: Techniques and Phenomena Evolution: Towards an Explanation of World "Tailoring"

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Artículo

La evolución de técnicas y fenómenos: hacia una explicación de la "confección" del mundo

Martínez, Sergio F.; Suárez, Edna

Instituto de Investigaciones Filosóficas, UNAM, publicado en Crítica. Revista Hispanoamericana de Filosofía, y cosechado de Revistas UNAM

Licencia de uso

Procedencia del contenido

Cita

Martínez, Sergio F., et al. (1996). La evolución de técnicas y fenómenos: hacia una explicación de la "confección" del mundo. Crítica. Revista Hispanoamericana de Filosofía; Vol 28 No 82, 1996; 25-66. Recuperado de https://repositorio.unam.mx/contenidos/4115766

Descripción del recurso

Autor(es)
Martínez, Sergio F.; Suárez, Edna
Tipo
Artículo de Investigación
Área del conocimiento
Artes y Humanidades
Título
La evolución de técnicas y fenómenos: hacia una explicación de la "confección" del mundo
Fecha
2019-01-08
Resumen
In recent articles some authors (e.g. Pickering 1989, Hacking 1992) have pointed out a process of gradual adjustment or tailoring between phenomena, models and experimental techniques. However, the whole idea of tailoring or adjusting has been dealt with as a mere metaphore. In this paper we present an evolutionary model of phenomena and techniques which explains this gradual adjustment or tailoring as an adaptative causal process, i.e. not as a mere metaphor. Our aim is accomplished in three steps. First, we arrive at the general conditions that changes in a population of entities with reproductive capabilities have to satisfy in order to be modelled as an evolutionary process, in a causal-explanatory sense. We show that a characterization of the class of experimental techniques (a class associated with an experimental tradition) meet these conditions, and we examine in detail how the nucleic acid hybridization techniques used in molecular biology can be modelled in the way we propose. A second step is to show that the sort of variability that metters in evolutionary models of techniques and phenomena is aggregative variability, i.e. the sort of variability that can be selected. This is an important point, since most evolutionary models of technical and scientific change in the literature fail to satisfy this requirement. A common objection to evolutionary models of scientific change is that fitness, the central notion of evolutionary models in population biology, has no counterpart in these models. We show that our model can provide a natural concept of fitness, a concept that has a similar role to play in our model as in biological models. Finally, as a third step, we conclude with an explanation of how the world can be said to be tailored. It is the result of an evolutionary process which incorporates inextricably related conceptual and material resources. In this sense, the world consists of phenomena that are made by us, but which are not mere inventions of our mind. In recent articles some authors (e.g. Pickering 1989, Hacking 1992) have pointed out a process of gradual adjustment or tailoring between phenomena, models and experimental techniques. However, the whole idea of tailoring or adjusting has been dealt with as a mere metaphore. In this paper we present an evolutionary model of phenomena and techniques which explains this gradual adjustment or tailoring as an adaptative causal process, i.e. not as a mere metaphor. Our aim is accomplished in three steps. First, we arrive at the general conditions that changes in a population of entities with reproductive capabilities have to satisfy in order to be modelled as an evolutionary process, in a causal-explanatory sense. We show that a characterization of the class of experimental techniques (a class associated with an experimental tradition) meet these conditions, and we examine in detail how the nucleic acid hybridization techniques used in molecular biology can be modelled in the way we propose. A second step is to show that the sort of variability that metters in evolutionary models of techniques and phenomena is aggregative variability, i.e. the sort of variability that can be selected. This is an important point, since most evolutionary models of technical and scientific change in the literature fail to satisfy this requirement. A common objection to evolutionary models of scientific change is that fitness, the central notion of evolutionary models in population biology, has no counterpart in these models. We show that our model can provide a natural concept of fitness, a concept that has a similar role to play in our model as in biological models. Finally, as a third step, we conclude with an explanation of how the world can be said to be tailored. It is the result of an evolutionary process which incorporates inextricably related conceptual and material resources. In this sense, the world consists of phenomena that are made by us, but which are not mere inventions of our mind.
Idioma
spa
ISSN
ISSN electrónico: 1870-4905; ISSN impreso: 0011-1503

Enlaces