Artículo

Genomic analysis of an atypical Mexican low-pathogenic H5N2 avian influenza virus

Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, UNAM, publicado en Veterinaria México OA, y cosechado de Revistas UNAM

Licencia de uso

Procedencia del contenido

Entidad o dependencia
Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, UNAM
Revista
Repositorio
Contacto
Revistas UNAM. Dirección General de Publicaciones y Fomento Editorial, UNAM en revistas@unam.mx

Cita

Genomic analysis of an atypical Mexican low-pathogenic H5N2 avian influenza virus. (2016). Veterinaria México OA; Vol 3, No 2, 2016. Recuperado de https://repositorio.unam.mx/contenidos/60612

Descripción del recurso

Colaborador(es)
Loza-rubio, Elizabeth ; Steffani-hernández, Giovanni ; Chávez-maya, Fernando ; Rojas-anaya, Edith ; García-espinosa, Gary
Afiliación del colaborador
Departamento de Medicina y Zootecnia de las Aves. Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México Av. Universidad 3000. Copilco. CP 04510, Ciudad de México, México; Centro Nacional de Investigación Disciplinaria en Microbiología Animal Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales Agrícolas y Pecuarias México D. F., 05110, México
Tipo
Artículo de Investigación
Área del conocimiento
Biotecnología y Ciencias Agropecuarias
Título
Genomic analysis of an atypical Mexican low-pathogenic H5N2 avian influenza virus
Fecha
2016-06-28
Resumen
Veterinaria México OA ISSN: 2448-6760 Cite this as: • Steffani Hernández G, Chávez Maya F, Rojas Anaya E, Loza Rubio E, García Espinosa G. Genomic analysis of an atypical Mexican low-pathogenic H5N2 avian influenza virus. Veterinaria México OA. 2016;3(2). doi: 10.21753/vmoa.3.2.363 We analysed the genome of a low-pathogenic avian H5N2 influenza virus isolated from the faeces of experimentally infected Pekin ducks and Leghorn-type chickens to determine its origin and molecular characteristics. The complete genomic sequence was determined using a Sanger-based genome sequencing method and was subsequently characterized by phylogenetic analysis and genetic comparison. The results of this study showed that 8 genomic segments corresponded to an avian influenza virus that were related with strains isolated in Mexico. Investigation of the haemagglutinin gene revealed the presence of few basic amino acids at the cleavage site and lack of a potential N-glycosylation site at position 11. The gene encoding the PB1 protein lacked PB1-F2 and the basic polymerase gene codes for PA-X. In addition, the basic polymerase gene contained the consensus ribosomal frameshifting motif TCC TTT CGT C, which is required for the expression of the PA-X. Molecular characteristics showed that the virus has features of a low-pathogenic H5 influenza virus with the exception of a potential N-glycosylation site at position 11. The genome information for this particular virus will provide a molecular map for further in vivo studies to identify why some influenza viruses can persist in chickens for long periods of time. Such information will be useful in countries such as Mexico, where the virus has been a poultry health problem since 1994 and has the potential to evolve high pathogenicity. Figure 1. Phylogenetic tree of the HA gene of A/chicken/Mexico/2007 (H5N2) Influenza A virus []. The phylogenetic tree was constructed using the neighbour-joining method. The percentages of replicate trees in which the associated taxa clustered together in a bootstrap test (1,000 replicates) are shown next to the branches. The evolutionary distances were computed using the Kimura 2-parameter method. The analysis involved 101 chicken nucleotide sequences. Evolutionary analyses were conducted in MEGA 5.05. A larger triangle size represents a larger number of nucleotide sequences with genetic relationship.
Tema
influenza aviar; H5N2; baja patogenicidad; genoma
Idioma
eng
ISSN
2448-6760

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